The Khor Virap (meaning deep pit or deep well) is an Armenian Apostolic Church monastery located in the Ararat plain in Armenia, near the border with Turkey, about 8 km south of Artashat, Ararat Province. The monastery was host to a theological seminary and was the residence of Armenian Catholicos.
The Vahramashen Church (also commonly referred to as Surb Astvatsatsin or the Church of Amberd) was built for Prince Vahram Pahlavuni of the Pahlavuni family. An inscription on the inside lintel of the north portal to the church dates its completion to the year 1026. It sits along the slopes of Mount Aragats in the Aragatsotn province of Armenia, between the fortress of Amberd and near a wall along the promontory with the Arkashian River in the canyon below.
Amberd is the name given to the 7th century Armenian fortress located 2300 m above sea level, on the slopes of Mount Aragats at the confluence of the Arkashen and Amberd rivers in the province of Aragatsotn, Armenia. The name translates to (fortress in the clouds) in Armenian. The village of Byurakan is located 6.4 km away from the site of Amberd.
Mount Aragats is a large stratovolcano in northwest Armenia about 40 km northwest of the capital city of Yerevan. It is the highest point in Armenia, located in the province of Aragatsotn, northwest from Yerevan. On its slopes are the Byurakan Observatory and the medieval Amberd Fortress. The observatory is a historically significant facility responsible for a number of important photographic surveys.
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Mount Ngauruhoe was used as a stand-in for the fictional Mount Doom in Peter Jackson's The Lord of the Rings movie trilogy.
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