Mount Nyiragongo is an active stratovolcano on the Virunga Mountains associated with the Albertine Rift. It is located inside Virunga National Park, in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, about 20 km north of the town of Goma and Lake Kivu and just west of the border with Rwanda. The main crater is about 2 km wide and usually contains a lava lake. The crater presently has two distinct cooled lava benches within the crater walls - one at about 3175 m and a lower one at about 2975 m.
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The cliff was formed during the ice age, about approximately 10,000 years ago, when the edges of the glacier reached the cliff.
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