9. Legend of Shiprock (2188 m), United States
The Navajo name for the peak, Tsé Bitʼaʼí, "rock with wings" or "winged rock", refers to the legend of the great bird that brought the Navajo from the north to their present lands.
The peak and surrounding land are of great religious and historical significance to the Navajo people. It is mentioned in many Navajo myths and legends. Foremost is the peak's role as the agent that brought the Navajo to the southwest. According to one legend, after being transported from another place, the Navajos lived on the monolith, "coming down only to plant their fields and get water." One day, the peak was struck by lightning, obliterating the trail and leaving only a sheer cliff, and stranding the women and children on top to starve. The presence of people on the peak is forbidden "for fear they might stir up the chį́įdii (ghosts), or rob their corpses."
In a legend that puts the peak in a larger geographic context, Shiprock is said to be either a medicine pouch or a bow carried by the "Goods of Value Mountain", a large mythic male figure comprising several mountain features throughout the region. The Chuska Mountains comprise the body, Chuska Peak is the head, the Carrizo Mountains are the legs, and Beautiful Mountain is the feet.
One legend has it that Bird Monsters nested on the peak and fed on human flesh. In one version, after Monster Slayer destroyed Déélééd at Red Mesa, he killed two adult Bird Monsters at Shiprock and changed two young ones into an eagle and an owl. (In another version, the Warrior Twins were summoned to rid the Navajo of the Bird Monsters.)
The peak is mentioned in stories from the Enemy Side Ceremony and the Navajo Mountain Chant. It is associated with the Bead Chant and the Naayee'ee Ceremony.
7. Legend of St. John the Theologian Church, Bulgaria
There is a legend that when you put your left hand on the oltar and make a wish, it will come true.
Another legend says that a holy relic, was kept in the stone altar inside the church, but in order to preserve it, it was split in three parts during the Middle Age and spread around the world.
Another legend says the treasure of Tsar Mihail III Shishman is buried nearby. The Tsar was killed in a battle with the Serbian ruler Stefan Dechanski in 1330 near what was known as the Zemlungrad fortress. It is believed the name Zemen comes from either “zavzemane” or “zemiya” – in Bulgarian to conquer or earth respectively. One of the oldest legends circulating around the Zemen area is the next one. A master mason and his apprentice decided to hold a contest – who will build a more beautiful church. There had been only one rule – not to see the other’s work until completed. The two built their churches 10 km one from the other along the banks of the Struma River. When the construction was finished, a huge crowd, headed by the local nobility, came to judge. The master saw the work of his student, exclaimed in admiration and ordered his helpers to demolish his own church.
6. Legend of Las Lajas Sanctuary, Colombia
The inspiration for the church's creation was a miraculous event in 1754 when Amerindian Maria Mueces and her deaf-mute daughter Rosa were caught in a very strong storm. The two sought refuge between the gigantic Lajas, when to Mueces's surprise, her daughter Rosa exclaimed "the Mestiza is calling me" and pointed to the lightning-illuminated silhouette over the laja. This apparition of the Virgin Mary instigated popular pilgrimage to the site and occasional reports of cases of miraculous healing. The image on the stone is still visible today.
5. Legend of Schwerin Castle, Germany
The small impious ghost Petermännchen reportedly roams the halls of the Schwerin Castle. This little spirit is no more than a few feet high, and is often depicted in clothes from the 17th century, something resembling a cavalier. His existence may be in doubt, but he is a popular legend as ever.
4. Legend of Yosemite Falls, United States
The Ahwahneechee people called the Yosemite Falls - Cholock (the fall) and believed that the plunge pool at its base was inhabited by the spirits of several witches, called the Poloti. An Ahwaneechee folktale describes a woman going to fetch a pail of water from the pool, and drawing it out full of snakes. Later that night, after the woman had trespassed into their territory, the spirits caused the house of the woman to be sucked into the pool by a powerful wind, taking the woman and her newborn baby with it.
3. Legend of Half Dome, United States
Half Dome was originally called Tis-sa-ack, meaning Cleft Rock in the language of the local Native Americans. Tis-sa-ack is the name of a mother from a native legend. The face seen in Half Dome is supposed to be hers. Tis-sa-ack is the name of a Mono Lake Paiute Indian girl in the Yosemite Native American legend.
2. Legend of Bezbog Peak (2645 m), Bulgaria
At the top of the peak there is a large stone shaped chamber, which is connected to the name Bezbog. Good god Perun had a daughter who lived near Samodivski lakes, but god Bes, who lived in the nearby circus decided to grab the beauty. Her brother Dzhengal learned about his intentions, and ran after him until he caught up with him on peak Bezbog. He killed him and buried him with stones.
Another legend about the peak name is that in Turkish time there was a impious slaughter of girls who laundered clothes in the lake.
1. Legend of Devil Throat Cave, Bulgaria
Devil's Throat is the route by which Orpheus, the legendary Thracian singer, attempted to retrieve his beloved Euridice from Hades in the Underworld. Orpheus, a famed musician, whose music was apparently sweet enough to tame anything, was very much in love with Euridice. But on their wedding day, a poisonous snake bit Euridice and she died. Orpheus was desperate to have her back, so he went to the Underworld to ask Hades and Persephone to let her live. At first they refused, but Orpheus played his lyre, and persuaded them. They agreed that he could lead Eurdice out of the Underworld, but if he looked back at her before he was all the way back to the world of the living, she would return to the Underworld, and Orpheus would not get another chance to free her. Orpheus agreed, but when he was almost out, he couldn't resist, and looked back just in time to see Euridice disappear back to Hades.
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