Vinson Massif is the highest mountain of Antarctica, lying in the Sentinel Range of the Ellsworth Mountains, which stand above the Ronne Ice Shelf near the base of the Antarctic Peninsula. The massif is located about 1200 km from the South Pole and is about 21 km long and 13 km wide. At 4892 meters the highest point is Mount Vinson, which was named in 2006 after Carl Vinson, long-time member of the U.S. Congress from the state of Georgia.
Mount Melbourne is a massive stratovolcano that makes up the projection of the coast between Wood Bay and Terra Nova Bay, in Victoria Land of Antarctica. It was discovered in 1841 by James Clark Ross, who named it for Lord Melbourne, British Prime Minister when the expedition was being planned. Mount Melbourne is an active volcano and is undissected by glaciation.
Mount Erebus is the second highest volcano in Antarctica and the most southerly volcano on earth. It is the 6th highest ultra mountain on an island. With a summit elevation of 3794 meters, it is located on Ross Island, which is also home to three inactive volcanoes, notably Mount Terror. Mount Erebus is part of the Pacific Ring of Fire, which includes over 160 active volcanoes.
Mount Discovery is a conspicuous, isolated stratovolcano, lying at the head of McMurdo Sound and east of Koettlitz Glacier, overlooking the NW portion of the Ross Ice Shelf. It forms the center of a three-armed mass of which Brown Peninsula is one extension to the north; Minna Bluff is a second to the east; the third is Mount Morning to the west.
Mount Friesland is a mountain in the Tangra Mountains of Livingston Island, in the South Shetland Islands. It is situated 12.5 km northeast of Barnard Point, 9.7 km east-southeast of St. Kliment Ohridski Base, 3.6 km southeast of the summit of Pliska Ridge, 6.1 km south by east of Mount Bowles, 2.9 km south-southwest of Camp Academia, 7 km west of Great Needle Peak, and 6.85 km north by west of Samuel Point. The peak is heavily glaciated and crevassed.
James Ross Island is a large island of the southeast side and near the northeastern extremity of the Antarctic Peninsula, from which it is separated by Prince Gustav Channel. Rising to 1630 meters, it is irregularly shaped and extends 64 km in a north–south direction. It was charted in October 1903 by the Swedish Antarctic Expedition under Otto Nordenskiöld, who named it for Sir James Brian Ross, the leader of a British expedition to this area in 1842 that discovered and roughly charted a number of points along the eastern side of the island.
Mount Jackson (Mount Andrew Jackson and Mount Ernest Gruening) is a mountain that dominates the upland of the southern part of the Antarctic Peninsula. It is located in Palmer Land, within the Antarctic claims of Argentina, Chile and the United Kingdom. With an elevation of 3184 m, Mount Jackson is the highest mountain in the Antarctic Peninsula and the British Antarctic Territory.
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In this area, there are 17 hot water springs in which the temperature ranges from 35 °C (95 °F) to 100 °C (212 °F).
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