Pico do Fogo is the highest peak of Cape Verde, rising to 2829 m above sea level. It is an active stratovolcano lying on the island of Fogo. The main cone last erupted in 1675, causing mass emigration from the island, while a subsidiary vent erupted in 1995. The only deadly eruption was in 1847 when earthquakes generated in all the island claimed several lives. The mountain's slopes are used to grow coffee, while its lava is used as building material. Near its peak is a caldera and a small village, Chã das Caldeiras, is inside this caldera.
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The cliff was formed during the ice age, about approximately 10,000 years ago, when the edges of the glacier reached the cliff.
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