Top 10 Volcanoes

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Mount Discovery (2681 m)
Ross Ice Shelf, Antarctica

10. Mount Discovery (2681 m), Antarctica

Mount Discovery is a conspicuous, isolated stratovolcano, lying at the head of McMurdo Sound and east of Koettlitz Glacier, overlooking the NW portion of the Ross Ice Shelf. It forms the center of a three-armed mass of which Brown Peninsula is one extension to the north; Minna Bluff is a second to the east; the third is Mount Morning to the west.

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Mount Tarawera (1111 m)
North Island, New Zealand

9. Mount Tarawera (1111 m), New Zealand

Mount Tarawera is the volcano responsible for one of New Zealand's largest historic eruptions. Located 24 km southeast of Rotorua in the North Island, it consists of a series of rhyolitic lava domes that were fissured down the middle by an explosive basaltic eruption in 1886. These fissures run for about 17 km northeast-southwest. The volcano's component domes include Ruawahia Dome (the highest at 1111 m), Tarawera Dome and Wahanga Dome.

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Rano Kau (324 m)
Easter Island, Chile

8. Rano Kau (324 m), Chile

Rano Kau is a 324 m tall extinct volcano that forms the southwestern headland of Easter Island, a Chilean island in the Pacific Ocean. It was formed of basaltic lava flows in the Pleistocene with its youngest rocks dated at between 150,000 and 210,000 years ago. Rano Kau has a crater lake which is one of the island's only three natural bodies of fresh water. Most of the volcano is on the coast and has been eroded back to form high sea cliffs which at one point have started to bite into the crater wall. On its northern side, the volcano slopes down to Mataveri International Airport.

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Maunga Terevaka (507 m)
Easter Island, Chile

7. Maunga Terevaka (507 m), Chile

Maunga Terevaka is the largest, tallest (507.41 m) and youngest of three main extinct volcanoes that form Rapa Nui (Easter Island) (a Chilean island in the Pacific Ocean). Several smaller volcanic cones and craters dot its slopes, including a crater hosting one of the island's three lakes, Rano Aroi.

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Mount Ngauruhoe (2291 m)
North Island, New Zealand

6. Mount Ngauruhoe (2291 m), New Zealand

Mount Ngauruhoe is an active stratovolcano or composite cone in New Zealand, made from layers of lava and tephra. It is the youngest vent in the Tongariro volcanic complex on the Central Plateau of the North Island, and first erupted about 2,500 years ago. Although seen by most as a volcano in its own right, it is technically a secondary cone of Mount Tongariro.

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Mount Kilimanjaro (5895 m)
Kilimanjaro Region, Tanzania

5. Mount Kilimanjaro (5895 m), Tanzania

Kilimanjaro, with its three volcanic cones, Kibo, Mawenzi, and Shira, is a dormant volcanic mountain in Kilimanjaro National Park, Kilimanjaro Region, Tanzania. It is the highest mountain in Tanzania, the highest mountain in Africa and the highest free-standing mountain in the world at 5,895 meters above sea level (the Uhuru Peak/Kibo Peak). This statistical significance helped Mount Kilimanjaro secure the position as one of the Seven Natural Wonders of Africa, which were officially declared on February 11, 2013 in Arusha, Tanzania.

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Mount Elbrus (5642 m)
Caucasus, Russia

4. Mount Elbrus (5642 m), Russia

Mount Elbrus (Russian: Эльбру́с) is a dormant volcano located in the western Caucasus mountain range, in Kabardino-Balkaria and Karachay–Cherkessia, Russia, near the border of Georgia. The peak is the highest in the Caucasus, in Russia. While there are differing authorities on how the Caucasus are distributed between Europe and Asia, many sources agree that Elbrus is also the highest mountain in all of Europe, or the highest in western Asia, narrowly exceeding (by 32 meters) another volcano, Mount Damavand in the Alborz range in Iran.

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Mount Mayon (2463 m)
Albay, Philippines

3. Mount Mayon (2463 m), Philippines

Mount Mayon, also known as Mayon Volcano, is an active volcano in the province of Albay, on the island of Luzon in the Philippines. Renowned as the perfect cone because of its almost symmetric conical shape, Mayon forms the northern boundary of Legazpi City, the largest city in terms of population in the Bicol Region. The mountain was first declared as a national park and a protected landscape on July 20, 1938 in the country. It was reclassified and renamed as Mayon Volcano Natural Park in the year 2000.

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Parinacota (6348 m)
Lauca National Park, Chile

2. Parinacota (6348 m), Chile

Parinacota is a massive potentially active stratovolcano on the border of Chile and Bolivia. It is part of the Nevados de Payachata volcanic group. The other major edifice in that group is the Pleistocene peak of Pomerape. Parinacota's last eruptive phase has been dated using the helium surface exposure technique, which ties the eruption to 290AD ± 300 years.

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Mount Damavand (5610 m)
Alborz Range, Iran

1. Mount Damavand (5610 m), Iran

Mount Damāvand (5610 m), a potentially active volcano and the highest peak in Iran, has a special place in Persian mythology and folklore. It is located in the middle Alborz Range, adjacent to Varārū, Sesang, Gol-e Zard and Mīānrūd and is the highest volcano in all of Asia. It is a potentially active volcano, since there are fumaroles near the summit crater emitting sulfur, which were known to be active on July 6, 2007. The mountain is located near the southern coast of the Caspian Sea, in Āmol county, Māzandarān, 66 km northeast of Tehran.

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