The Great Sphinx of Giza (Arabic: Abū al Hūl, English: The Terrifying One), commonly referred to as the Sphinx, is a limestone statue of a reclining or couchant sphinx (a mythical creature with a body of lion and a human head) that stands on the Giza Plateau on the west bank of the Nile in Giza, Egypt. It is the largest monolith statue in the world, standing 73.5 meters long, 19.3 meters wide, and 20.22 m high.
Saint Catherine Monastery, commonly known as Santa Katarina lies on the Sinai Peninsula, at the mouth of a gorge at the foot of Mount Sinai in the city of Saint Catherine in South Sinai Governorate in Egypt. The monastery is Orthodox and is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Built between 548 and 565 this monastery is one of the oldest working Christian monasteries in the world together with the Monastery of Saint Anthony, situated across the Red Sea in the desert south of Cairo, which also lays claim to that title.
Cairo is the capital of Egypt and the largest city in the Arab world and Africa. Its metropolitan area is the 16th largest in the world. Located near the Nile Delta, it was founded in 969 AD. Nicknamed /the city of a thousand minarets/ for its preponderance of Islamic architecture, Cairo has long been a centre of the political and cultural life of the region.
The Pyramid of Menkaure, located on the Giza Plateau in the southwestern outskirts of Cairo, Egypt, is the smallest of the three Pyramids of Giza. It is thought to have been built to serve as the tomb of the fourth dynasty Egyptian Pharaoh Menkaure. The Pyramid of Menkaure had an original height of 65.5 meters. It now stands at 61 m tall with a base of 108.5 m.
Pyramid of Khufu (also known as the The Great Pyramid of Giza or the Pyramid of Cheops) is the oldest and largest of the three pyramids in the Giza Necropolis bordering what is now El Giza, Egypt. It is the oldest of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, and the only one to remain largely intact. Egyptologists believe that the pyramid was built as a tomb for fourth dynasty Egyptian Pharaoh Khufu (Cheops in Greek) over a 10 to 20-year period concluding around 2560 BCE.
2. Cairo Tower
The Cairo Tower (Arabic: Borg Al-Qāhira) is a free-standing concrete tower located in Cairo, Egypt. At 187 m, it has been the tallest structure in Egypt and North Africa about 50 years. It was the tallest structure in Africa for 10 years, until 1971 when it was surpassed by Hillbrow Tower in South Africa.
The Pyramid of Khafre, also known as the Pyramid of Chefren, is the second-largest of the ancient Egyptian Pyramids of Giza and the tomb of the fourth-dynasty pharaoh Khafre (Chefren). The pyramid has a base length of 215.5 m and rises to a height of 136.4 m (originally 143.5 m). The Pyramid is made of limestone blocks (weighing more than 2 tons each).
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Mount Erebus is the second highest volcano in Antarctica and the most southern volcano on the Earth.
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